TRANSPORTATION IN ST. PETERSBURG
St. Petersburg has two airports, side-by-side, just south of the city. Flights within Russia and the CIS, as well as a number of international charter flights are served by Pulkovo-1. Pulkovo-2 handles the majority of international flights. The airports share the same runway, but have separate terminals about two kilometers apart.
Transfers: If you travel with heavy luggage, the only realistic way to reach downtown St. Petersburg is by car. If you travel with a tour package, all transfers will be arranged. Independent travelers are strongly advised to make advance arrangements for transfers, since taxi drivers at both airports are notorious for overcharging.
If you travel light, there are several public transportation options to take you to Moskovskaya metro station, on the southern edge of town. From there you can hop on the metro or take a less-extortionate taxi to where you will be staying.
Traveling by train is the most popular and convenient way of travel in Russia. It allows you to relax, enjoy vast Russian expanses and meet wonderful Russian people.
St. Petersburg has 5 major train stations, each serving various parts of Russia, CIS and Europe. All of them have a connecting subway stop and can be easily reached by public transportation. All stations have waiting rooms, kiosks, buffets, restaurants, luggage-hold rooms, first aid stations and other facilities.
Tickets for both long-distance and suburban trains can be purchased in the ticket offices at the stations. You need to show your passport to buy a long-distance train ticket. You can also buy a long-distance ticket in advance at the Central Railway Agency located at Griboedov Canal, adjacent to the Kazan Cathedral.
see railway stations
PORTS, SEA & RIVER TERMINALS
St. Petersburg is at the head of a system of rivers and canals that create a major waterway from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea and has a series of seaports and riverports.
see ports, sea & river terminals
METRO AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT
St. Petersburg subway, called the Metro, is the fastest and the cheapest way to reach many points in the city. It operates from 5:45 in the morning to 00:30 (12:30 a.m.). Metro stations are identified by the blue (M) sign and have separate doors for incoming and outgoing passengers. Trains run at intervals of 4-6 minutes, 2-3 minutes during rush hours. Transfer points close at 00:00 (12:00 a.m.). To enter the metro, place a token or plastic pass in the turnstile. Tokens cost 25 rubles for a ride as of April 2011, and can be purchased at special counters or booths located at every station. These booths also sell monthly metro passes and passes which allow you to use all forms of public transport.
St. Petersburg has an extensive network of public transport. Regular buses, trolley buses and trams have conductors on board, and you should pay for your ticket in cash to a conductor (cost 21 rubles as of April 2011) or show him/her your monthly pass.
In addition to city-funded public transport, there are several hundred routes served by privately owned route minivans or buses. They run a fixed route, collecting and depositing passengers anywhere along the way. It is the norm to pay as soon as you have entered, passing money to the driver through the passengers in front of you. Unless you are traveling to the end of the route, you will need to request the driver to stop at your destination.